10 Ply vs 12 Ply Tires: A Guide To Exploring The Difference

The circular-shaped element of a vehicle called a tire plays a vital role. Though a tire looks straightforward, it is as primitive as an engine in a vehicle. It is hard to access a vehicle without the proper tire and move from here to there. 

A proper tire means a good set of tires according to the vehicle. For example, a pair of tires of an SUV does not apply to sedan cars. Moreover, the tire ensures the performance and safety of a vehicle and its passengers. In easy words, ply is the number of layers of rubbers in a tire. Each tire has different ply numbers.

The most frequent tire’s ply number is 10 to 14 ply. However, today we shall disclose all the necessary information regarding 10 Ply vs 12 Ply Tires.

10 Ply vs 12 Ply Tires

What Is Ply Rating?

Previously Ply rating was used to define a tire’s strength and capacity depending on the number of rubber plies used inside a tire’s composition.

With recent advancements in tire manufacturing, now it’s more than possible to make more robust tires without adding more layers than before. So if you see a 10-ply rating tire, it doesn’t mean that it is made with 10 plies of rubber or cotton.

What Is Load Range Rating?

Here comes the Load range, which takes the place of the tire rating to demonstrate the tire’s strength and capacity to estimate a tire’s load, haul, or towing capacity.

Most of the vehicle tire’s load range rating falls within C to F range with letters indicating strength and capacity, but it could be anywhere from “A” to “L,”. A “B” range load rating equates to a 4-ply tire; a “C” range load rating corresponds to a 6-ply tire, whereas a “D” load range rating expresses the old 8-ply rating, E as 10-ply and F as 12-ply. The load rating is identical to the former ply rating system.

A Quick Comparison: 10 Ply vs 12 Ply Tires

Feature10 Ply Tires12 Ply Tires
Load CapacityLoad Range E (Basically Designed For Lighter Loads)Load Range F (Designed For Heavier Loads)
Maximum Inflation Pressure60-80 psi90-95 psi
Thickness and DurabilityApproximately 7/8″ long, 3/16″ deep, and rigid.Approximately 7/8″ long, maybe 3/16″ deep, but more durable than 10-ply.
Puncture ResistanceLowerHigher
Sidewall StrengthLowerHigher
Ride Comfort and HandlingDifficultEasier than 10 Ply
Fuel EfficiencySlightly favorableNot favorable
QuietnessLess Noisier than 12 ply.Noisier than 10 ply.
Hauling and TowingGood for hauling and towing.Handling and towing capability is more than 10 ply.
PriceMost of the time cheaper than 12 ply tiresGenerally pricier than 10 ply tires
As Man’s TireSignificant for towing and other general purposes.Best for towing and carrying weight.

Differences Between 10 Ply And 12 Ply Tires

Note: This table is a general comparison and may vary depending on the specific tire model and brand.

With an open eye, it is not easy to distinguish the tires and the ply of those. We all must know several factors regarding the tires and ply. 

Have a look at the descriptions that will enlighten you about the differences.

Thickness and Durability

Considering the thickness and durability, the 10-ply tires are 7/8″ long, maybe 3/16″ deep, and rigid. 

On the other hand, the 12-ply tires are 7/8″ long, maybe 3/16″ deep, and more durable than 10-ply.

Load Capacity and Maximum Inflation Pressure

The 10-ply tires are known for their loading capacity, and the load range is E, with a maximum inflation pressure of 80 psi. 

But a 12-ply tire has more loading capacity than a 10-ply tire. The optimal load range is F, and the maximum inflation pressure is 90 psi.

Ride Comfort and Handling

With the right load, the 10 ply tire is quite comfortable. But with the same load, the 12-ply tires are easier to handle and control. 


The prices of 10-ply and 12-ply tires are different, but not much. The price of a 10 ply tire is $220. And the price of a 12 ply tire is $200.

Fuel Efficiency

Regarding the fuel efficiency of both tires, both of them are not favorable at all. Nonetheless, it is worth mentioning that 10-ply tires are less fuel-consuming than 12-ply tires.


None of the tires are quiet. While moving or speeding, both of the tires create noticeable noise and vibrations. 

Hauling and Towing

The 10-ply tire is good enough for hauling and towing. And 12-ply tires will provide you the same facility with an extra. The facility is to carry weightful contents.

Suitability of 10 Ply And 12 Ply Tires For Different Types Of Vehicles And Driving Conditions

The types of tires mean a lot. One can’t maneuver any tire for any purpose. In addition, the vehicle type matters in this corner. 

Here is a brief explanation of the vehicles and driving conditions of 10-ply and 12-ply tires.

Vehicles For 10 Ply Tire And Driving Conditions

The calculation of choosing a tire is simple. If your vehicle weighs 700 kg to 1.2 tons, you must utilize a 10-ply tire. Again, if your vehicle is involved in towing, it is highly recommended to use a 10-ply tire.

The second consideration is the driving conditions of a tire. Until you are in a country covered by snow for 10 long months, our recommendation is the all-terrain tire.

The best vehicles are SUVs, heavy passenger cars, and light trucks.

Vehicles For 12 Ply Tire And Driving Conditions

The 12-ply tire is designed to be more rigid than 10 plies. The performance of 12-ply is better if your vehicle is used to carry weight. If your vehicle’s carried weight is above 1.2 tons and up to 1.5 tons, experts suggest using a 12-ply tire.

The 12 plies tire consists of elements similar to 10 plies, and the 12-ply is more like a certification. Therefore all-terrain tires may help you to use the tires optimally. 

The best vehicles are SUVs, light trucks, and other heavy-duty towing.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of 10 Ply Tires

10-ply tires are known for their specific purposes. The features, advantages, and disadvantages are explained below.

Pros Of 10 Ply Tire

  1. Strong Operating System: The 10-ply tires are significant for operating on the off roads. With heavy loads, one can maneuver the vehicle without any hassle. 
  1. Long Durability: Since the number of plies is 10, one can expect an extended life from the tires.
  1. Optimal For Heavy Duty: The load range is E; therefore, the maximum tire ability to carry is 1520 lbs. 

Cons Of 10 Ply Tire

  1. The Traction Is Meager: The 10 ply tire is great for off-roading. So the traction on public roads is significantly meager.
  2. The Fuel Consumption Is High: Due to heavy-duty characteristics, the tire consumes fuel enormously.
  3. Only Good For Off-Roading: The tire can generate traction on paths not leveled properly. 

    Advantages And Disadvantages Of 12 Ply Tires

    Pros Of 12 Ply Tire

    1. Strong To Carry Heavy Weights: The 12-ply tire is the optimal tire that can carry such a heavyweight, and the load range is F. The maximum load capacity is 3960 lbs.
    2. Best For Constructional Vehicles: Construction elements require heavy-duty truck tires such as chevy 2500HD, and 12-ply is optimum.
    3. Best For Heavy-Duty Trucks: There are plenty of heavy-duty works only 12-ply tires can do.

    Cons Of 12 Ply Tire

    1. The Traction Is Lower Than Any Other Types Of Tire: One of the major cons of 12-ply tires is the traction on even roads.
    2. The Speed Limit Is Meager: The speed becomes a significant consideration due to lower traction.
    3. Only Good For Heavy Duty And Off-roading: The 12-ply tire serves the best on sandy and uneven roads.


      In the end, you must know which tire is applicable for you according to your vehicle. After discussing 10 Ply vs. 12 Ply Tires, we want to say that if your vehicle is an SUV and heavy-duty, 10 ply is the best option you can go with. 

      But, if your vehicle is for constructional vehicle purposes or carrying weight, 12 plies must be the ideal selection.


      Can I mix and match 10-ply and 12 ply tires on my vehicle?

      The optimal option is not to blend the tires. It can reduce traction and imbalance while driving a vehicle. Yet, several vehicles have two different tires. These vehicles maintain an algorithm of keeping rear wheels 12 plies when 10 ply is at the front.

      Will using 12-ply tires improve the handling and ride comfort of my vehicle?

      The universal fact is that ply enhances a tire’s loading capability. There is no certain direct relationship with comfortability. However, the higher the ply number is, the lower the traction and comfortability are.

      Can I use 10-ply tires on a heavy-duty truck or trailer?

      Yes, you can use 10-ply tires. But you must keep in mind that the load must not exceed 2315 lbs per tire. Again, this calculation is for 60 PSI. But if the psi level is increased, the carrying ability is also increased.

        Last Updated on April 6, 2024 by Rifen

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